Guide to Gopher Pellets for Homeowners

Dealing with gophers in your yard can be a frustrating experience. These small, burrowing rodents can cause significant damage to gardens and landscapes.

One of the most common methods for controlling gophers is the use of gopher pellets.

This helpful guide will delve into everything homeowners need to know about gopher pellets, including their pros and cons, and how they compare to other gopher removal options.

Understanding Gopher Pellets

Gopher poison pellets, often referred to simply as gopher pellets, are a type of rodenticide designed specifically to target gophers.

These pellets contain poison that is lethal to gophers when ingested.

The most common active ingredient in these pellets is zinc phosphide, which reacts with the stomach acids of the gopher, releasing toxic phosphine gas.

Pros and Cons of Gopher Pellets


  • Effective: Gopher pellets are known for their high efficacy in killing gophers.
  • Ease of Use: They are relatively easy to use. Homeowners can place these pellets into gopher tunnels without needing professional help.
  • Targeted Approach: These pellets specifically target gophers, reducing the risk to other animals.


  • Safety Concerns: The use of poison poses a risk to pets, children, and non-target wildlife if not used correctly.
  • Environmental Impact: There’s a potential environmental impact due to the poison entering the ecosystem.
  • Handling Risks: Incorrect handling and placement can reduce effectiveness and increase risks.

Comparing Gopher Pellets to Other Removal Options

Gopher pellets are just one method of gopher control. Let’s compare them with other popular methods:

  • Traps: Mechanical traps can be effective and are a non-toxic option. However, they require correct placement and regular checking.
  • Ultrasonic Devices: These devices emit sound waves that are supposed to deter gophers. Their effectiveness is debatable and varies greatly.
  • Flooding: Flooding gopher tunnels with water can force them out, but it’s not a permanent solution and can damage your landscape.
  • Natural Predators: Encouraging natural predators like owls can help control the gopher population but is a more long-term solution.
  • Exclusion: Using wire mesh or barriers can prevent gophers from entering certain areas, but it’s labor-intensive and not feasible for large areas.

Gopher pellets offer a potent and targeted method for dealing with gophers but come with significant safety and environmental considerations.

It’s crucial to weigh these factors against other gopher removal methods, considering your specific situation and preferences.

Remember, no method is foolproof, and a combination of strategies might be the most effective approach to managing gophers in your landscape.

As always, when dealing with pest control products like gopher poison pellets, it’s essential to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and local regulations to ensure safe and responsible use.

Learn More About Gophers

Gopher Information